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Assessing and Planning for Human Resources for Health Toward More Sustainable Antiretroviral Therapy Treatment and HIV Counseling and Testing Services

Wendy Wong, BSc; Itamar Katz, PhD, MPhil; John Palen, PhD, MPH, PA
19th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012)


July 23, 2012

With the decline in donor HIV funding and shortage of health providers in developing countries, there is a need to address challenges in supporting the sustainability of antiretroviral therapy (ART)/HIV counseling and testing (HCT) and other health services. With the rapid scale-up of ART and HCT to expand access and coverage of services, common human resources for health (HRH) management strategies have been employed to cope with the expansion in resource-limited settings and to ease the strain on a highly-demanded health workforce:

1) Integration of stand-alone antiretroviral and HIV counseling and testing services into the wider health system, especially when patient-loads are insufficient to justify a full-time-equivalent (FTE) ART/HCT provider

2) Decentralization of services

3) Task-shifting of services

4) Redistribution of health workers.

Focus Areas