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City Approaches, Strategies and Costs of Responding to Homeless Encampments

Lauren Dunton, Jill Khadduri, Kimberly Burnett, Nichole Fiore, Will Yetvin


April 5, 2021

Abt Global conducted a study of homeless encampments in four cities for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. The study analyzed the nature of encampments, city strategies for responding to them, and the costs associated with those approaches.

The study found that encampment-related expenditures were more closely related to the number of unsheltered homeless people in the city than to the city’s overall population. Also among its findings, the study identified the cost per capita and the cost per unsheltered person experiencing homelessness, and analyzed the implementation partnerships needed to address encampments.

Report: City Approaches to Encampments and What They Cost

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