Expanding Access to Legal Identity
In Indonesia, legal identity documents have been a major stumbling block in getting people who are poor or living in vulnerable conditions the government services they need. Without such vital records, government officials “were practically guesstimating” for years about how much to budget for public assistance and who should get it, says Samuel Waromi, head of the Waroser village in Aceh. And those families that did get a document used it “to wrap fried food because they thought it was unimportant,” notes Uswatun Khairat, a Gampong (village) registration officer. This meant that people couldn’t show their eligibility for aid.
This situation has changed in seven provinces thanks to the Abt-led and Australia-funded KOMPAK project. Its cross-cutting work for select provincial, district, and village governments in Indonesia helps them develop accurate budgets, plan for services, and implement service delivery. The project also facilitates access to basic services and economic opportunities for people in need. The governance interventions at national and sub-national government levels included improved financial management systems and village information systems that identify marginalized groups. An important programmatic benefit was improved capabilities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The bottom line: from 2015 to 2021, KOMPAK contributed to improvements in key outcomes in 24 districts across Indonesia, including a decrease in the poverty rate and in the Gender Inequality Index, and an increase in the Human Development Index.